Place Published: [Québec]
Publisher: Pierre-Edouard Desbarats
Date Published: 
Edition: 1st Edition
Binding: No binding
FIRST CANADIAN 1801 PRINTING OF PROCLAMATIONS REGARDING THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND "ACT OF UNION" AND A NEW UNION JACK FLAG DESIGN.
[Quebec, printed by Pierre-Edouard Desbarats, New Printing Office. 1801] - John Neilson became a 50% partner in 1800 but not named in this business] Hare & Wallot state that the records of the printer, John Neilson, indicate that only 150 copies of this proclamation were printed.
First Canadian edition on paper watermarked with "Cobb's Patent 1798". 8-1/4 x 10 inches. -11 p., Bilingual with English and French on facing pages. Disbound, removed from bound volume, tear marks on spine edges not affecting text, some age-toning to paper, otherwise, very good condition.
Hare et Wallot 2. Vlach, Impressions, 635. TPL 755, Lande 388. Gagnon I;11.
A Proclamation, Declaring what Ensigns or Colours shall be borne at Sea in Merchant Ships or Vessels belonging to any of His Majesty’s Subjects of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Dominions thereunto belonging. The proclamation includes specifically two illustrations of Union Jack new flag design for the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland. Before the cessation of hostilities with Ireland, the British flag only had the red on white cross of St. George (England) and the white on blue cross of St. Andrew (Scotland). This proclamation declares that the flag henceforth will also depict the red on white cross of St. Patrick (Ireland).
An Act for the Union of Great Britain and Ireland. ["Union of Ireland", "Act of Union with Ireland"]
Following increased unrest in Ireland at the same time as the Napoleonic Wars, the British Prime Minister, William Pitt, believed that the best way to maintain political power in Ireland was through an Act of Union. The Act established the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on 1 Jan 1801. It dissolved the Irish Parliament, and Irish representatives were to sit in the Parliament at Westminster. The Act remained in force until the Government of Ireland Act, 1920, when Ireland was partitioned
The 1801 Act of Union said that:
• Ireland was to be joined to Great Britain into a single kingdom, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
• The Dublin parliament was abolished. Ireland was to be represented at Westminster by 100 MPs, 4 Lords Spiritual and 28 Lords Temporal (all were Anglicans).
• The Anglican Church was to be recognised as the official Church of Ireland.
• There was to be free trade between Ireland and Britain.
• Ireland was to keep a separate Exchequer and was to be responsible for two-seventeenths of the general expense of the United Kingdom.
• Ireland kept its own Courts of Justice and civil service.
• No Catholics were to be allowed to hold public office.
• There was to be no Catholic Emancipation.
Very Good. Item #8718