Place Published: Washington
Publisher: National Intelligencer
Date Published: 1839
Edition: 1st Edition
Binding: No binding
National Intelligencer newspaper, Washington, 1839
• November 19, P.3, col.2, - UNITING THE PROVINCES from Kingston Chronicle (Nov.9, 1838) 11 col. inches.
• November 26, P.3, col.2, - THE CANADAS, Resolution adopted by Special Council. Re-union of the Provinces. The Act of Union 1840, passed on 23 July 1840 by the British Parliament and proclaimed by the Crown on 10 February 1841, merged the Colonies of Upper Canada and Lower Canada into The Province of Canada (from 1841 to 1867) which was divided into two parts: Canada East and Canada West.
The previous separate parliaments where replaced with a single one with two houses, a Legislative Council as the upper chamber and the Legislative Assembly as the lower chamber. In the aftermath of the Rebellions of 1837-1838, unification of the two Canadas was driven by two factors. Firstly, Upper Canada was near bankruptcy because it lacked stable tax revenues, and needed the resources of the more populous Lower Canada to fund its internal transportation improvements. Secondly, unification was an attempt to swamp the French vote by giving each of the former provinces the same number of parliamentary seats, despite the larger population of Lower Canada.