Place Published: Toronto
Publisher: Published by Bureau of Agriculture and Statistics
Date Published: 1857
Edition: 1st Edition
Binding: No binding
RARE LARGE UNRECORDED 1857 EMIGRATION BROADSIDE
First edition. Rare Broadside (appears to be unrecorded, we could find no other copies), 26 x 16 inches. Folds, some professional restoration, mainly in the middle upper part, otherwise very good condition. A circular was issued to the Heads of Municipalities in Upper Canada in January 1857 requesting the number of Farm Labourers (and Domestic Servants, Men and Women, Boys and Girls, and Mechanics) needed in each Municipality for the next season.
This Broadside presents the wording of that circular and shows the Number of Farm Labourers asked for by Township, Town or Village Municipality, and County, with the Name of Mayor, Reeve, or Town Clerk applying. These returns, amounting to a total of more than 20,000 Labourers, are to be filled by a larger immigration from Europe to Canada (specifically Upper Canada in this Broadside), and should also include carpenters, bricklayers, choppers, plasterers, coopers, waggon-makers, tailors, joiners and cabinet-makers. It is not impossible that that Broadside was used in Europe to recruit these Farm Labourers, due to the scarcity of Labourers. Canada has always been a land of immigration!.
Background on the subject:
Printed letter written by P. M. Vankoughnet Bureau of Agriculture and Statistics, appearing in Appendix to the Fifteen Volume of the Journals of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada 1857 Appendix (No. 54.) ... Toronto, January, 1857. Sir, - As there is some indication that in the course of next Spring, there will be a larger Emigration from Europe to Canada, than has been for some few years past; and as it is desirable that the Emigrant, on arriving, should be provided with employment as quickly as possible, I shall feel obliged by your adopting such means as you may find most convenient to ascertain what number of Farm and Domestic Servants - Men and Women, Boys and Girls, and further, what number and class of Mechanics would be likely to find employment within your Municipality, and reporting to this Department, as soon as possible, the result of your inquiries.
Complaints have been made, from various parts of the country, of the scarcity of Laborers, &c., and the want can probably be supplied next season, by the combined action of this Department with the authorities in the different localities. I am, Sir, Your obedient Servant, P. M. Vankoughnet, Minister of Agriculture, &c.
Philip Michael VanKoughnet (1822-1869) was a politician and judge. In his 1856 election campaign VanKoughnet had suggested that the charter of the Hudson’s Bay Company was invalid and that Canada should claim the northwest. Later in 1856, P.M. VanKoughnet at the urging of his friend John A. Macdonald, whom he had known at least since the meeting of the British American League in 1849, VanKoughnet accepted the posts of president of the Executive Council and minister of agriculture in the Étienne-Paschal Taché-Macdonald government. He was a close political and personal friend of Sir John A. Macdonald, but made his way chiefly through his own abilities. His niece, Gertrude Agnes VanKoughnet, married Sir John's only son, Sir Hugh John Macdonald. VanKoughnet was a forcible and fluent speaker, and an able lawyer. As minister of agriculture he turned what had been considered a sinecure into an active department. For instance, he offered $500 for the best essay on the control of the weevil, Hessian fly, and other crop-damaging insects. After passing through the “double shuffle” in 1858, VanKoughnet was appointed commissioner of crown lands and became chief superintendent of Indian affairs in 1860 when the department was transferred from imperial control.
Very Good. Item #8032