Place Published: London
Publisher: London Magazine
Date Published: 1760
Edition: 1st Edition
Binding: No binding
Copperplate bird's eye view of Fort Oswego active in the French & Indian War 1754-1763. Printed in 1760 and engraved for the London Magazine. Numbered key in lower left of image.
Paper size: 11-3/4 x 8 inches. Image size: 10 x 5-1/8 inches
Watermarked laid paper, Two folds, one with some doubling but now flat. Some paper repairs outside of platemarks and light foxing to left side outside printed border on left, otherwise a very good impression with plate mark.
This view of Oswego from the south depicts the post destroyed in 1756 during the French and Indian War.
"Fort Oswego was an important frontier post for British traders in the 18th century. During the French and Indian War, this fort was captured and destroyed by the French in 1756. The French knew Fort Oswego as Fort Chouaguen. During the French and Indian War, the French commander, General Montcalm, arrived in August with 3,000 men. His force included 3 regiments of regulars, several companies of Canadian militia, and numerous Indians. He first captured Fort Ontario, then began the assault on Fort Oswego. Oswego was the stronger fortification, but it was now downhill from 120 cannons in the abandoned Fort Ontario. Montcalm swept the fort with cannon fire, killing the British commander, Colonel Mercer, in the bombardment. British forces were forced to surrender on August 15, 1756.
Montcalm gave much of the British supplies to his Indian allies, and destroyed the fort. He returned to Quebec in triumph with 1,700 prisoners. His actions made a strong impression on the Indian allies of the British, and caused the Oneida and the Seneca tribes to switch to the French side." quoted from Wikipedia