Publisher: [Made by Hughes Aircraft Company]
Date Published: 
Edition: 1st Edition
Binding: Wooden Case
ANIK MEANS "LITTLE BROTHER”
#1 [HUGHES AIRCRAFT COMPANY]. [circa1972-75]. [Model of Anik 1]. Model of Anik 1 in metal 3-1/2 inches long, 2-1/2 inches wide across the top, and 1-1/4 inches with a wing on each side each extending 10-1/2 inches and 2 inches wide.
The satellite model is attached to an angled plexiglass construction which is then mounted on an oval wooden base 3/4 inch thick, 3-13/16 inches at its widest point and 4-7/16 inches at its longest point. On the base there is a plaque reading: L`Honorable Gérard Pelletier/ Ministre Des Communications/ 1972-1975.
The model is preserved within a custom fitted wood case with a handle, 25 inches long, 6-1/4 inches wide, and 7-1/4 inches deep. The base of the satellite fits into a space inset into the bottom of the case, the top of the satellite is protected by foam attached to the inner surface of the top cover, and the interior space is covered in green felt. The model is in very good condition except for one small ding at the bottom corner of the left wing. The wooden box shows some wear on the surfaces.
#2) HUGHES AIRCRAFT COMPANY. [circa1972-75]. Barrel shaped model in metal 2-3/4 inches high x 3 inches diameter, shiny blue and black colours , mounted on a polished wood base, 6 inches long x 3-1/2 inches wide. There was probably an antenna on the top of this satellite but it is lacking on this model.
[Text of plaque at base of model] ANIK / PREMIER SATELLITE DE COMMUNICATIONS INTERIEURES / AU MONDE / Mis au Point et Fabriqé / Par la Compagnie Hughes Aircraft / Pour le Compte de Télésat Canada / Offert en Hommage á l`Honorable Gérard Pelletier.
[Translation: Anik. First domestic communications satellite in the world, created and manufactured by The Hughes Aircraft Company, for Telesat Canada. Offered in homage to The Honorable Gérard Pelletier.]
The Anik 1A design was based on the "bus" (frame) that Hughes had used for the Intelsat IV satellites. The cylindrical body of the satellite was spinning for stability. A "despun" section supported the antenna so that it could always be directed towards Canada. The antenna focused the transmitted energy in a beam shaped to cover all of Canada
Anik 1 was launched in 1972 as the world`s first domestic communications satellite in order to transmit television signals from Canada`s national broadcaster, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, to Arctic communities and to provide telephone service to the North. The first satellite in the series, ANIK 1, was launched on November 9,1972, followed by Anik A2 in April 1973 and Anik A3 in 1976. This satellite and others in the Anik series were used subsequently to distribute television signals to cable head ends for television distribution all over Canada. In the United States the first domestic satellite was Westar 1, which Anik preceded by two years.
Gérard Pelletier (1919-1997) was a distinguished Canadian who is famous as one of the three Quebeckers who entered federal politics at the same time and went on to have very important careers (les trois colombes): Jean Marchand, Gérard Pelletier, and Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau. Mr. Pelletier was the Minister of Communications in Prime Minister Trudeau`s cabinet from 1972 to 1975See his autobiographical memoir L`aventure du Pouvoir 1968-1975 for a discussion of the government`s reasons for launching Anik 1. He subsequently served as Ambassador to France and the United Nations.
Provenance: These satellite models were purchased from a dealer in Montreal who confirmed he purchased in Montréal at the auction of Minister Pelletier`s estate.
Good. Item #3472