Place Published: Washington
Publisher: National Intelligencer
Date Published: 1813
Edition: 1st Edition
Binding: No binding
National Intelligencer, Washington D.C., July 10, 1813
War of 1812 Battle of Craney Island
Page 3 has a letter from Gen. Robert Taylor to the Sec. of War forwarding a letter from Lt. Col. Beatty about the attack by the British on Craney Island, signed in type: Robert Taylor. Hereafter is Lt. Col. Beatty's report about the attack and defeat of the enemy, signed in type: H. Beatty.
Other related reports. Small hole in the first leaf, some foxing and little margin wear, otherwise good.
During the War of 1812, U.S. defensive emplacements on Craney Island had a seven-gun fortification and was manned by 580 Regulars and militia in addition to 150 sailors and marines from the USS Constellation. On June 22, 1813, the Battle of Craney Island took place. 81 British troops were killed of their 1300 total, with no American losses of the 730 man force. The victory at Craney Island saved Norfolk and Portsmouth from being captured and pillaged by the enemy.
On the morning of June 22, 1813, a British landing party of 700 Royal Marines and soldiers of the 102nd Regiment along with a company of Independent Foreigners came ashore at Hoffler's Creek near the mouth of the Nansemond River to the west of Craney Island. When the British landed, the defenders realized they were not flying a flag and quickly raised an American flag over the breastworks. The defenders fired, and the attackers began to fall back, realizing that they could not ford the water between the mainland and the island (the Thoroughfare) under such fire. British barges manned by sailors, Royal Marines, and the other company of Independent Foreigners then attempted to attack the eastern side of the island. Defending this portion was a company of light artillery under the command of Captain Arthur Emmerson. Emmerson ordered his gunners to hold their fire until the British were in range. Once they opened fire, the British attackers were driven off, with some barges destroyed, and they retreated back to the ships.
Good. Item #2859