Place Published: Montreal, Quebec
Publisher: Sir Guy Carleton
Date Published: 1775
Edition: 1st Edition
Binding: No binding
Written in French, on a watermarked, fine-laid paper, dated June 24, 1775, Boldy signed by Sir Guy Carleton in dark brown ink. Carleton’s signature, is next to an intact square papered seal. Lieutenant-Governor Hector Theophilus Cramahé countersigns the document with his signature below Carleton’s
12-1/4 x 8-1/2 inches, one page with integral leaf. Several folds, scattered light foxing and toning, and several very minor edge tears. Very good condition and overall quite nice.
Carleton presses to fill the militia ranks. In part: "As it is necessary for the service of the King... to create militia companies in the various parishes of this Province... do hereby name and establish said Mr. Jean Bte. Belaire as captain of a militia company..." Jean Bapiste Bellaire is being made a Captain of Militia in the Parish of Ste-Pierre. Quebec.
Militia were critical to help defend Montreal and Quebec due to only a small number of regular British troops.
The Second US Congress invited the Quebec to join the revolting Colonies as the fourteenth colony by addressing to them a public letter (1,000 printed and written by John Jay, the second one) letter in May 1775. Their purpose was to draw the large Quebec (French-speaking) population to the American revolutionary cause.
The invasion of Canada and the taking of Montreal were the first real offensives of the American Revolutionay war. Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen threatened Fort Ste-Jean (or St. Johns as it was then known) in May 1775, following the capture of Crown Point and Ticonderoga. A formal invasion of Quebec was authorized by the U.S. Congress on 27 June 1775. This document is dated only seven days after the Battle of Bunker Hill.
A historical document with an interesting story to any serious American Revolutionary War collector.
Sir Guy Carleton served in America beginning in 1758. He was Governor of Quebec and commander of British forces in Canada (1775-77), during which time he repelled Montgomery and Benedict Arnold’s attack on Quebec, defeated Arnold on Lake Champlain and re-took Crown Point. From 1782-83 he was Commander in Chief in Canada. General in 1793.
Hector Theophilus Cramahé, was lieutenant-governor of Quebec (1771-82). He served as a captain in the 15th Regiment in the expedition against Louisbourg in 1758, and he was deputy judge-advocate in the expedition against Quebec in 1759. From 1759 to 1764 he was secretary to General Murray; and he was appointed in 1764 a member of the first Council of the province of Quebec. When Carleton returned to England temporarily in 1771, Cramahé was appointed lieutenant-governor of Quebec, and he administered the affairs of the province until 1774. He retained his position as lieutenant-governor until 1782.
Very Good. Item #1769